SOPs for chemical disasters on agenda

NEW DELHI : The authorities is framing normal working procedures (SOPs) to take care of chemical emergencies such because the 1984 Bhopal fuel catastrophe.

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), National Disaster Management Authority, Defence Research and Development Organization, hearth departments and the well being ministry are drafting a mechanism to take care of such accidents based mostly on the requirement of states the place factories dealing with poisonous chemical substances are positioned.

“A coordination mechanism between numerous stakeholders is being developed to sort out chemical emergencies,” said Dr Sujeet Singh, director of the National Centre for Disease Control.

“There is a requirement for capacity building both offsite and onsite to address chemical emergencies. There is a need for a combined proactive response and clear SoP per the requirements of states/UTs where such chemicals are being used in factories and industries. This is a mandatory requirement as per International Health Regulation to which India is a signatory.”

India nonetheless lacks competency in addressing such chemical emergencies, not like superior economies such because the US and Japan.

At the identical time, India produces and shops greater than 3,000 hazardous chemical substances.

In 1984, India witnessed one of many world’s worst industrial disasters in Bhopal when hundreds have been killed after the unintentional launch of poisonous methyl isocyanate fuel, a chemical used within the manufacturing of pesticides, from a manufacturing unit run by Union Carbide.

According to NDRF, 130 different important chemical accidents have been reported in India within the final 20 years, leading to 259 deaths and 563 accidents in Visakhapatnam, Delhi NCR area and Baroda.


The authorities has already had two rounds of conferences in Bhopal and Visakhapatnam. There are about 1,861 main accident hazard models throughout 301 districts.

Besides, hundreds of factories within the unorganized sector take care of quite a few hazardous supplies, posing critical catastrophe dangers.

Until now, a number of companies had been working independently, however a mixed effort by all companies was not in place.

“Medical docs working at numerous ranges should be sensitized in regards to the impression of acute chemical accidents and their public well being administration. For occasion, if there’s a sulphuric acid plant, then companies ought to know the antidote for sulphuric acid. Doctors in that space needs to be conscious that these explicit chemical substances are getting used within the plant in order that they will deal with their sufferers instantly if there’s an accident. We are additionally contemplating what impression it is going to have on the surroundings or the folks,” a government official said, requesting anonymity.

“What impact a chemical tragedy is going to create outside, there is no such assessment or guidelines. So we are seeking responses from each of the agencies concerned.”

The subsequent assembly is being deliberate in Baroda.

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