India raises issues over rising commerce deficit with South Korea

New Delhi: India raised “serious concerns” over rising commerce deficit with South Korea at a bilateral assembly this week in Seoul, and the 2 companions agreed to deal with tariff and non-tariff boundaries through the two-day negotiations, a commerce ministry assertion stated on Friday.

India is at the moment renegotiating to improve the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) with Republic of Korea (RoK), which was operationalised on January 1, 2010. The upgradation is important because the settlement within the present type was unwell negotiated by the erstwhile UPA authorities and left a number of facets that would have favoured India, one official conscious of the event stated requesting anonymity.

India’s mercantile exports to South Korea jumped 21.8% on annualised foundation at round $6.1 billion within the first 9 months of present calendar 12 months, however imports additionally surged to $15.67 billion, registering over 28.4% progress in the identical interval. That left large commerce deficit of $9.57 billion in favour of Seoul, he stated citing official information.

“India raised serious concerns on the growing trade deficit between the two countries and discussed market access issues,” the commerce ministry’s assertion stated.

According to a Ministry of External Affairs’ (MEA) be aware of January 2020, commerce and financial relations gathered momentum following the implementation of CEPA in 2010. “The bilateral trade in 2018 was USD 21.494 billion and USD 20.7 billion in 2019. In 2018, exports from India accounted USD 5.884 billion, registering a growth of 18.8% and exports from ROK accounted for USD 15.610 billion registering a growth of 3.6%. In 2019, exports from India accounted for USD 5.6 billion and exports from ROK accounted for USD 15.1 [billion],” it stated.


According to official information, even through the Covid interval the mercantile commerce deficit was very excessive. India exported items price $4.49 billion in 2020 to ROK, in comparison with $12.15 billion imports. In 2021, India’s items exports to ROK was $7.09 billion in comparison with imports price $17.08 billion from the nation.

Both sides have agreed to “deepen relationship” in companies sector, the commerce ministry stated within the assertion issued on Friday after concluding the ninth spherical of India-Republic of Korea (ROK) Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) up-gradation negotiation that occurred from November 3-4, 2022.

“The two sides underlined the need to have negotiations, which are based on win-win approach, are forward looking and outcome oriented. Both sides shared the hope that the CEPA upgradation negotiations would play an important role in strengthening and deepening economic cooperation between both countries,” it stated.

Sub teams on commerce in items, companies, guidelines of origin, funding, and different points held in-depth discussions, it added.

They additionally shared a typical view that either side ought to make utmost efforts to expedite negotiations so as to attain a mutually helpful and passable final result throughout 2023, whereas being attentive to the significance of the upcoming fiftieth anniversary of diplomatic relations between the 2 nations, it stated.

The chief negotiators additionally shared the view that either side ought to promote conducive commerce atmosphere to allow either side to totally utilise advantages beneath the CEPA.

It was agreed that the tenth spherical of CEPA upgradation negotiations will likely be hosted by India in early 2023.

The Indian delegation was led by chief negotiator Anant Swarup, joint secretary within the division of commerce. The Korean facet was led by Yang Ghi-Wuk, director normal within the ministry of commerce, business and vitality (MOTIE), Republic of Korea.

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